Поленови алергии: симптоми и диагностика

Един човек, облечен в костюм седеше на превоз с влак изсекна

Sneezing, itchy eyes, runny nose – these are the typical symptoms of pollen allergy. However, there are others, so here we compile a comprehensive list of signs of allergy, which will help you make a personal unofficial diagnosis. How about an official one? Find out what is the best way to be diagnosed and what happens during a pollen allergy test.

Symptoms of pollen allergy

When you suffer from pollen intolerance, your immune system reacts when the fine dust produced by plants comes into contact with your eyes, nose, mouth, or throat. There are several distinctive signs of pollen allergy. Symptoms include:

  • Runny or stuffy nose.
  • Itchy nose, ears, throat or mouth.
  • Sneezing.
  • Coughing.
  • Sybian, watery eyes.
  • Feeling tired.
  • Ear pain or headache.
  • Loss of smell.

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Symptoms of allergy to grass and tree species

Whatever type of pollen you're allergic to, it's very likely that the symptoms are similar. For example, signs of allergy to tree pollen will resemble those of intolerance to grass.

The difference is mainly in time. Tree pollen spreads through the air earlier in the year, followed by grass pollen and finally by weed pollen.

Hay fever – symptoms and diagnosis

To get an official diagnosis of your pollen allergy, you need to pass a special test. The first step is to visit the doctor. The attending physician will ask in detail about your symptoms – when they appear, how often and what provokes them. In this case, it is useful to keep a diary in which you note details such as: what, when, where and how every time you get an allergic reaction.

If the doctor thinks you have a mild form of pollen intolerance, in most cases he will simply offer advice and treatment. In case of a more serious allergy or if it is not yet clear what is causing an allergic reaction, the doctor may recommend that you contact a specialized allergy clinic.

What is the pollen allergy test?

The pollen allergy test is a standard test. In it, a drop containing an allergen is placed on your forearm, after which the medical person gently the skin just under the drop. If you have an allergy to the substance, after about 15 minutes a red itchy bump will appear at the site.

This type of test may be a bit uncomfortable, but most people don't find it particularly painful. It is important to know that you should not take antihistamines before the sample, as they will compromise the results.

Blood tests are another method of diagnosing allergy. A sample of your blood is analyzed to see if it contains the specific antibodies your immune system produces in reaction to the allergen.

If you are experiencing signs of allergy, talk to your doctor. It will help determine if you suffer from hay fever and take care of all the necessary tests. You will find that it is much easier to curb your pollen allergy with the assistance of a specialist.

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