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Clear, cloudy, yellow: we've all found ourselves asking ourselves what color should be the urine of a healthy person? Once you learn what your urine pigmentation means, you'll be able to tell if you're getting enough water and you'll be able to spot signs of infection. See what we understand by normal urine color, what its appearance says about your health, and what blood means in your urine.
Be sure to check out our healthy urine color chart to find out what condition yours corresponds to.
Table of urine colors and their meaning
Health systems typically use a special regimen with the colors of human urine to determine whether we have normal fluid intake and good overall health. Usually at the head of the table is the palest shade of yellow under number 1, and the darker it becomes, the more the figures increase, with number 8 corresponding to the darkest color.
With these diagrams, you can find out if you have a normal urine color, detecting a match in the color gamut. If the color is darker than the light tones on the chart, then it is necessary to increase the amount of fluids you take. If your urine is like the darkest sector, then you need a doctor. 1
What color is the urine of a healthy person?
We usually talk about good health when we have clear urine or lighter, yellow urine. These are the first two nuances in the scheme. However, there may be other factors in the change in the color of urine, without necessarily indicating the presence of problems. What's the reason? The yellow color is caused by the compound urobilinogen (also known as urochrome). This substance is formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells. 2
Urine is mostly water – from 90 to 95%. If you are well hydrated, the amount of water in the body will be more and will neutralize the yellow color that is characteristic of urobilinogen.
However, there are other factors that change the color of urine.
What else can affect the color of urine?
Sometimes the color of the contents of the bladder is visibly different from normal, without the presence of dehydration or infection. The reason lies in the fact that specific drugs, vitamin supplements, and even certain foods can change the color of otherwise healthy urine.
Some things you consume can cause the following urine colors:
- Neon yellow: Pale yellow is normal, but sometimes you may also have urine with a neon yellow color. This is due to the intake of supplements of B vitamins and vitamin B12. Because these vitamins are water-soluble, excess amounts are excreted through the urine.
- Green. You may find it disturbing if the color of your urine is green, but it may be because of a spring diet with green foods, such as asparagus. It may be caused by some substances used in kidney tests or other medical tests, as well as medications, such as propofol, used during anesthesia. In such a situation, the green color is normal and is temporary. It is possible that the green color of urine is caused by the infection of pseudomonk, so just in case consult a doctor. 2
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Signs of dehydration
Transparent urine and straw-colored urine indicate good hydration of the body. The case is different when darker urine is present. Brown or orange shades are signs of dehydration, along with:
- Dry mouth, lips or eyes
- Lack of concentration
- Urine with a strong smell
Try to take at least two liters of water daily at regular intervals to maintain a healthy urine color and optimal hydration levels.
We all need fluids, but for some of us, hydration is extremely important. These are:
- Elderly people (with age, the feeling of thirst decreases).
- Baby and young children (due to low body weight)
- People with long-term illnesses (diabetic)
- Athletes (due to increased sweating)3
It's also important to drink fluids when you have a cold or have diarrhea, as you may become more dehydrated than normal.
It is a good idea to teach children what the healthy color of urine is, as part of the formation of their hygiene habits. This will recognize the first signs of dehydration, especially during hot days and drink more water.
Signs of infection
The different color of your urine may also be associated with an infection, especially if you notice that you have turbid urine. Urinary tract infections can affect the bladder, kidneys, or urinary tract. Common symptoms of this malaise include:
- Walking on a small need more often than usual
- Sudden need to urinate
- The smell of urine
- Turbid urine
- Burning sensation or pain when urinating
- Total malaise
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- In the elderly, a change in behavior such as sudden worry or confusion
The mild form of urinary tract infection usually passes in a few days without treatment, and those affected quickly regain the good color of their urine. In other cases, however, you should see a doctor:
- If you are a man/pregnant/child/adult
- This is your first such infection.
- You have blood in your urine.
- Your symptoms don't improve for a few days or come back after treatment
Pay special attention to your hygiene to prevent the occurrence of such unpleasant ailments and be sure to contact your doctor if you think you suffer from a urinary tract infection.
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Importance of urine color: when to consult a doctor
You should contact your doctor if you are unsure or worried about your condition. However, there are also certain warning signs that you always need to watch for. Make an appointment for an examination if your urine is:
- Orange. This may be due to dehydration or a particular food, but it could also be a sign of liver disease or inflammation of the bile duct.
- Pink or reddish. This color can be obtained from eating blueberries, rhubarb or beetroot, but there is also the possibility that you may have blood in your urine – a possible sign of prostate gland problems, mercury or lead poisoning, kidney disease, tumors or a urinary tract infection.
- Brown. This staining may again be due to your diet, but it could also indicate dehydration or liver disease. Take more water, and if the symptoms do not go away, contact a doctor.
Once you know everything you need for the specific color of your urine and what its different shades mean, you will surely be more precise in taking care of your health and fluid intake.
1 Change in the color of urine. When to consult a doctor?, Emergency Live
2 Повишен уробилиноген в урината, Фрамар