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Nosebleeds are not usually considered a serious condition, but they can certainly cause panic and get dirty. We will explain to you what causes it, what is the relationship between a cold and the flow of blood from the nose and how to deal with it.
If you suffer from regular nosebleeds, have a medical condition that prevents blood clotting, or are simply worried about your health, seek advice from your GP.
Why does nose blood flow?
There are various causes of blood flowing from the nose (coming from the front of the nose). It happens when small blood vessels get injured and start bleeding. 1 Some of the most common causes are:
- Blowing your nose too hard.
- Touching the nose.
- The nasal mucosa is too dry due to the dry air in the room.
Some causes of nosebleeds may require medical attention, such as the appearance of blood from the nose under stress. Usually this is when bleeding comes from inside the nose (posterior nosebleeds)2. It may relate to the following situations:
- High blood pressure.
- A broken nose or injury.
- Blood-thinning medications, such as warfarin.
- Conditions that affect the clotting of blood or blood vessels.
Common causes of blood flowing from the nose are injuries in the face area, as well as surgery. Rupture of the nasal mucosa leads to short-term bleeding. Fractures that require rapid medical intervention.
The Link Between a Cold and Leaking Blood From Your Nose
Immediately after a cold or during a cold, nosebleeds may occur. There are several reasons to answer the question: why do I have blood from my nose?
Colds can irritate the lining of the nose, and strong sneezes can injure superficial blood vessels. We usually blow our noses more during a cold. In addition, the air is dry during the cold months, when it is easy to catch a cold. Dry air dries the nasal membranes, which causes itching and, accordingly, injury to the inside of the nose. 3 All this can lead to bleeding.
When you are often ill, the inside of your nose can become so irritated that it is difficult to heal. This usually leads to frequent blood flowing from the nose. If your nose continues to bleed even after a cold, see your doctor for advice.
Stopping blood from the nose
Follow these simple steps when bleeding your nose.
- Sit or stand upright.
- Pinch your nostrils with your fingers.
- Move forward.
- Breathe through your mouth.
- Keep the nostrils closed for about 10-15 minutes.
- Put a handkerchief under your nose to soak up the blood.
- Put ice on the top of the nose (you can also improvise with a frozen bag of peas from the freezer, wrapped in a kitchen towel). 4
What to avoid?
When bleeding from the nose, you should avoid:
- Lying down. Blood can clog your airways and make it difficult to breathe.
- Tilting the head back. 5 Blood can flow from the throat to the stomach and cause vomiting.
- Putting a handkerchief in the nose. So you risk the napkin sticking and then causing more bleeding when you try to peel it off.
For the next 24 hours after stopping bleeding, you should avoid:
- Blowing the nose.
- Any activity with physical exertion.
- Lifting heavy objects or weights.
When to seek medical attention?
Usually, nosebleeds are not serious and can be treated at home, but you should see a doctor in the following cases:
- You have regular nosebleeds.
- You are taking blood-thinning medications, such as warfarin.
- You have a condition that affects your blood's ability to clot, such as hemophilia.
- You have symptoms of anemia (shortness of breath, pale skin and palpitations).
- A child under the age of two has nosebleeds. 3
In children, from touching with contaminated hands, superficial inflammation with crusts is formed. Accumulated crusts interfere with night breathing, there is also a slight itching. During sleep, the child unconsciously touches his nose, tears off the crusts, and the bleeding begins.
When to go to the emergency room?
You will need to take urgent measures and head to the hospital emergency room if:
- Your breathing is difficult.
- You feel dizzy and weak.
- The amount of blood is abundant.
- You had a severe blow to the head.
- You vomited because you swallowed a lot of blood.
- Bleeding in the nose lasts longer than 10 to 15 minutes. 3
Now you know when blood flows from the nose and why it can happen during a cold. You have all the information about the rapid cessation of blood from your nose when it happens to you.
Still, answering the question "Why do I have blood from my nose?" can also lead us to more serious illnesses, so always consult a doctor if you have concerns about your condition.